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Advances in the Internet of Things (IoT) are affecting many different types of industries. One, in particular, is that of physical security and safety. Physical Security includes all measures taken to protect people, facilities and resources from damage or harm. To date, physical security systems include techniques such as security guards, locks, spotlights, physical barriers, video surveillance and more. Utilizing the Internet of Things in these approaches by using connected sensors/devices and automated alert systems will surely enhance physical security efficiency.
Although physical security systems have been evolving over many years, using IoT in the years to come will significantly increase its effectiveness. Here are five examples of how IoT and smart technology advances physical security:
- Intelligent Monitoring
Video surveillance, while generally effective enough to supply evidence of a security concern, has many shortcomings. In the instance of a crime caught on tape, a guard will have to sift through upwards of 48hrs of video to find relevant video clips. There could also be 10 or more different cameras in the area that contain relevant video, making the process even more strenuous. With the implementation of motion detection, audio detection and alert systems, a security concern can be managed much easier and faster. A video feed that only shows activity allows a security guard to more easily detect a concern. Operation costs go down, storage needs decrease and relevant video retrieval simplifies.
- Tampering Alerts
Using smart cameras equipped with sensors or software that can detect misplacement surely increases effectiveness of a security system. These tampering alerts are ideal for places with a high chance of vandalism like public places and schools. When a camera can alert any sign of tampering, the possibility of missing suspicious activity goes down. Without an alert system that uses sensors or intelligent video, a camera could be turned in the wrong direction for days and even weeks.
- Perimeter Protection
Building security can use beacons, RFID badges and even radio waves to secure the perimeter and allow access to specified individuals. Security can be notified in real-time about perimeter breaches and approaching threats.
- Facial Recognition
Perhaps one of the most intelligent advents in video surveillance is facial recognition. This software can not only identify individuals, it can even find signs of a possible threat by measuring key identifiers such as a high heart rate or nervous facial expression. These tactics can be used in places like casinos and high traffic situations such as sporting events. If these facial recognition techniques can use the internet of things to create automated alerts and events, such as notifying casino floor security of a suspicious character, threats can then be identified and addressed immediately.
- Automobile Tracking
Intelligent systems such as License Plate Recognition software can elevate physical security effectiveness using automation and IoT. Law enforcement officers can connect license plate databases with automatic license plate recognition systems to more effectively identify drivers and locate offenders. A similar system could also be used very effectively in a secure entrance gate or smart parking garage to allow entry and track traffic coming in and out.
Security and IoT will no doubt need to work together moving forward into the future. Physical security systems such as law enforcement, school campuses, prisons, secure facilities and others can truly benefit from the techniques listed above. Imagine a world with considerably less crime, vandalism and exploitation. With the help of intelligent technology and the Internet of Things, we can get there.